Three papers on physics and astronomy gathered by fifteen-year-old Joseph von Penckler, while still a student at the Theresan Military Academy near Vienna. Penckler, who would later become a Lower Austria government functionary and famous debtor, here writes a short presentation to the important scientific papers, obsequiously dedicated to the Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina, ruler of thhe Hapsburg dominions. The first two papers, by Jesuit polymath Roger Josef Boscovich, and his student, the Fermo mathematician Carlo Benvenuti, are on the nature of light; the third, and most important, is Boscovich's dissertation confirming the absence of an atmosphere on the moon. The three papers were originally published in 1748, 1753, and 1761 respectively. A most interesting collection, organized according to the very young Penckler's course of study at the Vienna academy, and published to gain favor with the Empress.
DISSERTATIONES | PHYSICAE TRES | MARIAE THERESIAE | AVGVSTAE | HONORIBVS DICATAE | A | JOSEPHO LIB. BAR. DE PENCKLER | DVM IDEM | SVB AVGVSTISSIMIS AVSPICIIS IN COLLEGIO REGIO | THERESIANO E DISCIPLINIS PHILOSPHICIS, | MATHEMATICIS, HISTORICIS | TENTAMEN PVBLICVM SVBIRET | Anno MDCCLXVI. Menſe Auguſto. || [de Trattnern's woodcut printer's device] || [Double rule] VINDOBONAE, | Typis IOANNIS THOMAE de TRATTNERN, | CAES. REG. AULAE TYPOGRAPHI ET BIBLIOPOLAE. [Comprising three dissertations]: 1: BOSCOVITCH, Roger Joseph. DISSERTATIO | DE | LUMINE | AUCTORE | P. ROGERIO JOSEPHO BOSCOVICH | SOCIETATIS JESU. [And] 2: BENVENUTO, Carlo. DISSERTATIO | DE | LUMINE | AUCTORE | P. CAROLO BENVENUTI | SOCIETATIS JESU. [And] 3: BOSCOVITCH, Roger Joseph. DISSERTATIO | DE | LUNÆ ATMOSPHÆRA | AUCTORE | P. ROGERIO JOSEPHO BOSCOVICH | SOCIETATIS JESU.
Quarto, 252 x 215 x 52 mm (binding); 248 x 212 x 46 mm (text block). π4, a-d4, A-R4, S5, [two folding plates of diagrams]; A-T4, [two folding plates of diagrams]; A-O4, [folding plate of diagrams]. , 145, 152, 111 pp. Contemporary sheep, full gilt back, titled on a citron morocco skiver label in second compartment: DISSERTAT | PHYSICAE | TRES. Made pink pastepaper ends. Binding worn, extremities rubbed and bumped, some epidemûres to boards, a few wormholes to spine and joints. Interior: Worming to tail gutter margins through most of text block, touching a couple catchwords, scattered minor stains.
Contemporary signature on verso of front free end: P. Georgii Schenauer minoritæ. Georg Schenauer was a Slovak Franciscan and director of the Gymnasium at Levoča.
DSB Vol. II, pp. 326-332.