Johann Tallat von Vochenberg's pharmacopoeia and master-book on the art of treating various illnesses first appeared at Memmingen in 1497, and went through more than 20 editions. Our 1532 edition is evidently the last of these, but only the second in which appears a most interesting chapter on the treatment of syphilis with guaiacum, a New World tropical wood extract first imported into Europe from San Domingo in 1508, but here discussed as being from Hispaniola, or modern-day Haiti. It was in vogue in European medical literature of the period to prescribe medications sourced from where the affliction to be treated first originated; since syphilis likely arrived into Europe with Columbus's return from the New World in 1492, it stood to reason—according to early-modern medical thinking—that the most effective treatment was to be be found in the West Indies. Popularized by Ulrich von Hutten and others, guaiacum was the standard treatment for "the French pox" throughout the sixteenth century, before falling out of fashion in favor of equally ineffectual arsenic-based treatments. Tallat von Vochenberg, in his Artzney Biechleinn, describes in detail the method by which guaiacum was to be administered. Elixirs and topical unguents invested with guaiacum were used for milder cases, and for more serious cases of advanced syphilis, guaiacum-infused enemas were administered, followed by several weeks' isolation in hot "sweating rooms," then drastic fasting. Artzney Biechleinn is an exceptionally early medical Americanum, and a detailed look at treatment for the most serious of new epidemic diseases to strike Europe since the advent of plague in 1348.
Full title: Artzney Biechleinn der | Kreuter, geſamlet durch Johannem | Tallat von Vocenberg, Bey dem aller erfar- neſten der Ärtzney Doctor Srick- | en zů Wien. || [Woodcut of a physician examining a flask of urine] || D. M. XXXII. [Colophon, O3v]: Gedruckt in der loeblichen des Heyligen Reychs | Stat Augſpurg durch Heynrich Stey | ner am Sechten tag March, | des M. D. XXXII. | Jars.
Augsburg: Heinrich Steyner, 1532.
Quarto 177 x 141 x 10 mm (binding), 174 x 139 x 8 mm (text block); A-M4, N2, O4 [O4 blank and present]; XXXIII,  ff. Modern Bradel-style binding of marbled paper over boards, unlettered. Interior: Title guarded in gutter margin; margins throughout trimmed, affecting sidenotes and headlines on several pages; leaves with stains and soiling. A serviceable use-copy, but complete.
VD16 T88; Durling 4371; Alden/Landis 532/23; cf. Waller 9632 (1529 edition); BM-STC German 848 (1530 edition); Wellcome 6315 (Leipzig edition published by Blum, 1532); Pritzel 9388.