Ordnung, Namen, und Regiment Alles Kriegs volcks. Jakob PREUSS.
Ordnung, Namen, und Regiment Alles Kriegs volcks.
Ordnung, Namen, und Regiment Alles Kriegs volcks.
Ordnung, Namen, und Regiment Alles Kriegs volcks.
Ordnung, Namen, und Regiment Alles Kriegs volcks.
Fire-Arrows, in the Name of the Reformation

Ordnung, Namen, und Regiment Alles Kriegs volcks.

First edition of perhaps the first manual on warfare written and published specifically in preparation for Reformation-related conflict. Jakob Preuss was chief military advisor to John Frederick I, later Elector of Saxony and incipient coleader of the highly ambitious Schmalkaldic League, a military alliance of Lutheran princes preparing for eventual  defensive skirmishes, and even all-out war, with Charles V's HRE forces. None of this historical context is expressed in our short vade mecum, which instead preoccupies itself with the hierarchies within the cavalry, infantry, and artillery divisions of an ideal military force, then narrows focus to the duties and portable materièl of artillerymen. Preuss discusses several types of long ams and cannon, their ammunition specs, and how to get the most strategically lethal use out of them on the battlefield. Preuss also details three recipes for weaponized black powder: one for cannon, another for an explosive fire-arrow, and the third for a kind of indirect-fire muzzle-loader, much like a mortar, a relative newcomer to the European battlefield, having first been used by Mehmed the Conqueror at the Siege of Constantinople in 1453. It is likely that Preuss's concise field booklet was produced in goodly numbers and distributed among the literate soldiers; to the illiterate it was, like the military Artikelsbrief of later decades, read out loud. Preuss's Ordnung was one of the last books Christian Egenolff printed at Strasbourg; he moved his printing business to new premises at Frankfurt-am-Main later in 1530. Illustrated with a title woodcut of a foot soldier in full armor, as well smaller cuts of the mortar and fire-arrow (twice each). A handful of copies in European institutional libraries; two in American: Brown and Yale. (There may also be a copy at Folger.) A very good exemplar.

Strasbourg: Christan Egenolff the Elder, 1530.

, 200 x 151 x 3 mm (binding); 198 x 147 x .5 mm (text block). [A]
4, [7] pp. Early 20th-century Bradel-style binding of half red calendered cloth over marbled boards, titled vertically on spine in gilt on slender black skiver lettering-piece: Ordnung Alles Kriegs volcks Strassb. 1530. Wear and minor soiling to extremities, lettering piece chipped with loss, small burn hole to lower free end. Interior: Pale damp to margins, leaves a bit toned, title finger-soiled.


This copy offered in a December, 1936 Sotheran's catalogue. Modern penciled booksellers' notes to free ends.

Cockle, Maurice. Bibliography of Military Books […], No. 509 (recording a copy at British Museum)
Riling, Ray. Guns and Shooting, No. 6
Poten, B. Handwörterbuch der gesamten Militärwissenschaften […] p. 217 ("Preussen is der Stammvater der deutschen artillerieliteratur")
Essenwein, August von. Quellen zur Geschichte der Feuerwaffen […] (illustration plate LXVIII)
Jähns, Max. Geschichte der Kriegswissenschaften Vol I: 486-90 (cites Preuss's Ordnung, and discusses shot and arms specifications)
Brugh, Patrick. Gunpowder, Masculinity, and Warfare in German Texts (with notes on Artikelsbrief)
VD16 P4772 (recording four copies)
See also: Bodleian MS. Douce 186, Summary Catalogue no. 21760: Michael Ott, Kriegsregiment, etc.; [southern Germany, c. 1530], in which a manuscript copy of Preuss's text is preserved on ff 75v-83r.

Item #64

Price: $6,000.00