ZÚÑIGA y ONTIVEROS, Mariano José de [1749-1825; fl. 1790/5-1825]. CALENDARIO DISPUESTO POR DON MARIANO JOSEPH DE ZUÑIGA Y ONTIVEROS AGRIMENSOR POR S. M. (Q. D. G.) PARA EL AÑO DEL SEÑOR DE 1805 [~1806, 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811, 1812, 1814, 1815, 1816, 1817, 1821]. LOS SEIS MESES PRIMEROS [~SEGUNDOS]. [Mexico City]: Mariano José de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, 1804-1820.
Only Editions. Sensational collection of colonial Mexican sheet almanacs printed by the last of the pre-Independence Zúñiga dynasty of Mexico City printers, Mariano José de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, who was active in the Calle de Espiritu Santo for thirty years. The twelve calendars, one each for the years 1805-06, 1808-12, 1814-17, and 1821, were painstakingly collected by W. Michael Mathes, the great scholar of Mexico and Spain, whose unmatched collection of Mexican books and manuscripts was absorbed by donation into Colegio de Jalisco in Zapopan, and nominated the Biblioteca Mathes in 1997. The sheet almanacs each record eclipses and other celestial phenomena, lunar phases, meteorological predictions, astrological data, feast days, and the essential moments in the Catholic calendar. Zúñiga did not much vary his printing or composition scheme for the life of the almanac series, except the 1805 edition was printed on two sheets (January to June on one sheet, and July to December on another, versos blank); the rest were printed on both sides of a single sheet, save 1821, where Zúñiga seems to have reverted to his two-sheet scheme of 1805. (Only the first sheet of the 1821 almanac, January to June, is present here.) All the almanacs are printed in seven columns within a typographic border on each side, with a small woodcut of the Virgin of Guadeloupe at head recto, and a woodcut of San Felipe de Jesús at head verso. Much like European and English almanacs, these were likely printed in the months preceding the salient year—-the calendar for 1805 printed in November or December of 1804, and so on. Zúñiga, about whom not much is recorded, was a noted philomathematician, as well as a land surveyor and member of the Royal Board of Charity of Mexico, and was best known for his Calendario Manual y Guía de Forasteros en México, which ran roughly contemporanously with our sheet almanacs. We have been unable to trace bibliographic evidence of this series of sheets, and only a single institutional exemplar from any year: University of Texas at San Antonio has an 1805 edition. In all a signal collection of an unrecorded series of Mexican sheet calendars, with an esteemed scholarly provenance.
Mexico City: ZÚÑIGA y ONTIVEROS, Mariano José de, 1804-1820.
Thirteen oblong broadside sheets, 437 x 320 mm et infra. Most sheets bear evidence of wax or gum arabic residue from having been posted to walls or doors. All sheets bear evidence of having been folded in eighths. All sheets untrimmed, with deckles present. Worming patterns in several sheets suggest at least some of the calendars in the collection were at one time folded and stored together.
1) 1805. First sheet: Small holes at vertexes of creases; soiling. Second sheet: Somewhat larger holes, affecting a few words of text; stains and soiling; marginal tears.
2) 1806. Loss at head and tail along creases, including to woodcuts recto and verso; staining and soiling; marginal tears.
3) 1808. Loss to woodcut at head; staining and soiling; some worming at head; marginal tears.
4) 1809. Noticeable worm trails affecting text; soiling.
5) 1810. Noticeable worm trails affecting text; some soiling.
6) 1811. Worm trails and holes; tear to head corner and other marginal tears; soiling.
7) 1812. Long tear, mended without loss; two holes with minor loss; some worming; soiling.
8) 1814. Worming affecting headlines; minor soiling.
9) 1815. Worming; tear to tail corner with loss, affecting a few words; hole in center along crease; soiling; marginal tears.
10) 1816. Small wormholes; light soiling.
11) 1817. Small wormholes; light soiling
12) 1821. Corner tear, mended without loss; soiling.
Acquired by W. S. Cotter Rare Books from Ignacio Porrua Uceta of Libreria José Porrua Turanzas of Madrid in January 2021; Porrua Uceta acquired the collection directly from W. Michael Mathes.
None of these broadsides recorded by Medina or Beristáin, but see Medina (Mexico) 11107 for an edition of the Calendario Manual y Guía de Forasteros en México, published by Zúñiga. One example of a 1784 broadside almanac, printed by Mariano's father, Felipe de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, is known (see Medina 7531, printed on two sheets), and may have been the model for Mariano's series. Cantamessa 8983 bis (these sheets). UTSA copy of the 1805 calendar digitized at http://digital.utsa.edu/utils/getthumbnail/collection/p15125coll6/id/31623
On Zúñiga, please see:
Beristáin y Souza, José Mariano. Biblioteca hispanoamericana. Vol. IV, p. 48; Flores, Jesús Romero. Iconografía colonial, p. 221.